The Biblical Feasts of Adonai

The Feasts of Adonai are shadow pictures of Yeshua the Messiah.

The Moedim (feasts) are special gatherings at special times.

Lev 23:1  YHVH* spoke to Mosheh, saying,
Lev 23:2  "Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, These are the appointed feasts of YHVH that you shall proclaim as holy (set-apart) convocations; they are my appointed feasts.

This word used for, “feast”, is the Hebrew word, “moed”.
The Hebrew word, “moed”, means = an appointment, that is, a fixed time or season; specifically a festival; an assembly (for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal : - appointed (sign, time), (place of, solemn) assembly, congregation, (set, solemn) feast, (appointed, due) season, solemn (-ity), synagogue, (set) time (appointed).

The word used for, “convocation”, is the Hebrew word, “miqra”.
The Hebrew word, “miqra”, means = something called out, that is, a public meeting; also a rehearsal: - assembly, calling, convocation, reading.

These “Moedim HaElohim” are times for “Miqra Kodesh”, sacred assemblies, Set-apart gatherings, Holy Convocations. These gatherings are times to worship, pray, hear the Holy Scriptures and draw near to the Almighty. These are times to celebrate, fellowship and enjoy food and the blessings of Adonai.

Col 2:16  Therefore let no one pass judgment on you in questions of food and drink, or with regard to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath.
Col 2:17  These are a shadow (image) of the things to come, but the substance belongs to Messiah.

The Feasts Days are shadows and powerful prophetic pictures of Yeshua HaMashiach. They can be times of great refreshing and renewel. They should be times to reflect on Yeshua. They are not times to pass judgment on one another.

We can zealously and joyfully celebrate these biblical holidays and make them special as we see the fulfillment of Yeshua in them.

These are our Heavenly Father’s special appointments, times, festivals and holidays. Dress up, decorate, celebrate and enjoy!


The first and foundational Feast is, “Shabbat”, the Sabbath Day. After the six days of creation, our Creator, blessed and hollowed the 7th day. The Holy Scriptures say, He Himself, Adonai rested. Shabbat reminds us of creation and our loving Creator. Shabbat is declared to be a perpetual sign of our connection with God. Shabbat is one of the “Ten Commandments”. Shabbat is a picture and shadow of the rest we have in Messiah Yeshua. Shabbat is a picture of the millennial reign of Yeshua. Shabbat begins at sundown on the sixth day (Friday) and it last until sundown on the seventh day (Saturday). We are instructed,  ‘to remember’ and ‘to keep’ Shabbat. We should rest from our normal jobs and spend some special time in Worship. Luke 4:16  And He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up. And, as His custom was, He went in to the synagogue on the Sabbath day and stood up to read.


Lev 23:5  In the fourteenth day of the first month, between the evenings, is YHVH's Passover.

Passover or Pesach takes place on Nisan 14th, between the evenings, which is believed to be somewhere between, 12noon and 6pm. Passover is a reminder of the deliverance of Israel from Egypt and Pharaoh. Passover is a picture of Sacrifice and Salvation. Passover was the time of the death of the firstborn. It was the time of the death of the firstborn,Yeshua Messiah, the Lamb of God that takes away the sin of the World. Passover is about the death and blood of a lamb, which brought about salvation and deliverance for all those who believed and placed themselves under the blood’s protection. Today, we gather for a Passover Seder and tell the story of God’s mighty hand and the lamb. Passover is the beginning of the Feast of unleavened bread.

Unleavened Bread

Lev 23:6  and on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to YHVH. You must eat unleavened bread seven days.

The Feast of Unleavened Bread takes place from Nisan 15th until Nisan 22nd. These days of unleavened bread represent the removal of leaven which represents sin. It was during this time that Messiah was buried. All leavened food is to be removed from the home during this time. Yeshua, the bread of life, was removed for a few days, out of site until His resurrection. This Feast reminds us of our sins being removed through Messiah’s blood. It is a reminder for us to stay clean and holy before our God.

First Fruits

Lev 23:10  Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, When you have come into the land which I give to you, and shall reap the harvest of it, then you shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest.

Lev 23:11  And he shall wave the sheaf before YHVH  to be received for you. On the next day after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.

The Feast of First Fruits takes place on Nisan 16th or on the day after the Sabbath after Pesach. The First Fruits was the first crop or harvest of barley. It is believed to be the approximate time that Noach’s Ark came to a stop or rest. It is believed to be the time that Israel entered the Promise Land. It was the time of the resurrection of Yeshua Messiah.


Lev 23:15  And you shall count to you from the next day after the sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete.

Lev 23:16  To the next day after the seventh sabbath you shall number fifty days. And you shall offer a new food offering to YHVH.

Lev 23:17  You shall bring out of your homes two wave loaves of two-tenth parts. They shall be of fine flour. They shall be baked with leaven, firstfruits to YHVH.

Shavuot, is Hebrew for, ‘weeks’. Sometimes it is called the Feast of Weeks or the Feast of Harvest. Shavuot takes place on Sivan 6th or the day after the seventh Sabbath from First Fruits. It is also called Pentecost, meaning fifty, because is takes place fifty days after the Feast of First Fruits.

Shavuot was the harvest time for wheat. It is believed to be the time of the giving of Torah. The gathering of Israel in Exodus 19 and 20 at Mount Sinai took place in the Third month. It is believed it was during the time of Shavuot. It was on this Day, Shavuot, in Act 2, where it speaks about the giving of the Holy Spirit.

Yom Teruah

Lev 23:24  Speak to the sons of Israel saying: In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, you shall have a sabbath, a memorial summons, a holy convocation.

Yom Teruah, means day of shouting, blasting or blowing. It is also called Rosh Hashanah, which means, Head of the Year and is also called the Feast of Trumpets. Yom Teruah takes place on Tishri 1st. It is believed to be the time of Creation. It is believed to be the time of a catching away as a Shofar (trumpet) sounds from Heaven. Scripturally it is a day to assembly together, hear the shofar and to do no work.

It is traditional to wear white and eat sweet apples with honey to help remind us to live holy and to have a sweet new year in Adonai. It is custom to say, Shana Tova (good year)! It is a time of alarm and awakening. It is a time of repentance and renewing.  It is believed to be the time that the world was created. It is the first day and beginning of the seventh month of the Biblical calendar (Tishrei) and the beginning of the first month and year of Israel’s civil calendar.

It is believed to prophetically point to the day of resurrection and the catching away of the holy ones to meet Yeshua in the clouds. This day is a Sabbath, but not a fast day. The traditional Tashlikh Ceremony is done out by a body of water on the afternoon of the first day of Rosh HaShanah. You are to bring bread and cast it onto the water symbolizing the casting aside, removal, repentance of and forgiveness of sins, transgressions, wrong-doings and iniquities. The ten days from Yom Teruah until Yom Kippur are called ‘Yomim Nora’im’ or the ‘days of awe’.These special days are days of self evaluation, repentance and prayer.

Yom Kippur

Lev 23:27  Also, on the tenth of this seventh month, this is a day of atonement. It shall be a holy convocation to you. And you shall afflict your souls and offer a fire offering to YHVH.

Lev 23:32  It shall be to you a sabbath of rest, and you shall humble your souls. In the ninth of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you shall keep your sabbath.

Yom Kippur or Day of Atonement takes place on Tishri 10th. It is believed to be the time of the judgment seat of Messiah. It was the day that the High Priest would enter the Holy of Holies and make Atonement for Israel for that year. It is a day to humble yourselves and pray. Yom Kippur is prophetically the day when Israel is restored and is scripturally a day to fast and get things right with Adonai. It is tradition to wear white to remind us of atonement and to stay clean, pure and upright with each other and with Adonai. Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) is a day of complete fasting. It is believed to be the day that Adam sinned and was removed from the garden. This is a very somber, sober and serious day. This day is a Sabbath and a commanded fast day. It is believed that on this day, names are inscribed in the Book of Life. It is believed to prophetically point to the day when Israel will be restored and the Jewish people accept Yeshua. It is believed by some that this might be the day of the return of Messiah.


Lev 23:34  Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days to YHVH.

Lev 23:39  Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep a feast to YHVH seven days. On the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath.

Lev 23:40  And you shall take the fruit of majestic trees for yourselves on the first day, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the valley. And you shall rejoice before YHVH your God seven days.

Sukkot means booths or tabernacles. Sukkot (Feast of Ingathering, Z'man Simkhatenu) is the memorial time of the temporary 40 years of wandering in the wilderness. It is the prophetic picture of the nations coming to worship King Yeshua. Sukkot is scripturally the time to abide in a temporary dwelling, bring an offering of first fruits, rejoice seven days and rest the first and eighth day of the feast. We are commanded to rejoice with the four species: lulav (palm), etrog (citron), hadas (myrtle) and arava (willow). It is also traditionally a time of ushpizin or inviting special guest and visitors to celebrate and rejoice with you in your Sukkah. The Seventh day is called Hoshana Rabbah, the Eight day is called, ‘Sh’meni Atzeret and then the Ninth day is called, ‘Simchat Torah’ meaning the rejoicing in Torah. Sukkot is also called the Feast of Tabernacles and takes place from Tishri 15th until Tishri 22nd. Sukkot is a picture of the end time gathering in New Jerusalem. Sukkot is a picture of the marriage supper of the Lamb. It is believed to be the time that Adam built a home or shelter after being removed from the garden. It is believed to be the time of the birth of Yeshua Messiah.

Rosh Chodesh

Rosh Chodesh, means new (head, leader) moon and or new month. The Holy Scriptures instruct us: “Blow the trumpet (shofar) at the new moon (rosh chodesh).”

“For just as the new heavens and the new earth Which I make will endure before Me, declares YHVH, So your offspring and your name will endure. And it shall be from new moon to new moon And from sabbath to sabbath, All mankind will come to bow down before Me, says YHVH.”

“Thus says YHVH Elohim, 'The gate of the inner court facing east shall be shut the six working days; but it shall be opened on the sabbath day and opened on the day of the new moon.’”
Celebration or observation of the New Moon is mentioned several different placed within the Scriptures. The New Moon helps to determine

God’s calendar of time and determine when the Feast days will occur. The new moon is when you see the first shine after the black moon. Here, we see the small, thin curved line on the right side of the moon. Rosh Chodesh is a picture of Yeshua Messiah, His Death, Burial and Resurrection.


* YHVH represents God’s holy name. These four letters, called the tetragrammaton, are pronounced, Yud-Heh-Vav-Heh. There are many different opinions as to how exactly the name is to be pronounced or if it should even be pronounced at all. The name means, ‘He shall be’, The letters mean, ‘Hand~Behold~Nail~Behold’. The Name points us to Yeshua (Jesus) the Messiah and the wonderful good news of salvation..

by Carl e Jones