Mikvah is a Hebrew word that means a body of water or a gathering of water.

Different times or reasons to immerse in a mikvah

  • After Conversion, repentance or rededication
  • Before Shabbat, the Holy Feast of Adonai, marriage or entering ministry
  • After letting the scape-goat go for Yom HaKippurim (Leviticus 16:26)
  • After burning the red heifer (Numbers 19:7)
  • After certain bodily issues (Leviticus 15)
  • After child-birth (Leviticus 12)
  • After being healed from certain diseases (Leviticus 13-14)
  • After touching a dead body, slain man, a man’s bone, or a grave (Numbers 19)
  • After touching the carcass of an unclean animal (Leviticus 11)
  • After eating something not kosher (Leviticus 17:15)

Method of immersion:
The person goes completely into and under the water.
One traditionally immerses three times, and has a witness to verify proper total immersion.
A proclamation is to be made as to the purpose of the immersion. 

Barukh atah Adonai Eloheinu melekh ha'olam asher kid’shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu al ha'tevillah.
Blessed are You, O Lord, our God, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with Your commandments and commanded us regarding the immersion.

Mark 16:16  He who believes and is immersed (baptized) will be saved, but he who does not believe will be condemned.

Galatians 3:27  For all of you who were immersed into Messiah have clothed yourselves with Messiah.

Acts 2:38  Then Peter said to them, Repent (made teshuva) and be immersed (baptized), every one of you, (submit to a tevilah of teshuva) in the name of Yeshua Messiah to remission of sins, and you shall receive the gift of the Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit).

Act 22:16  And now what do you intend? Arise and be immersed and wash away your sins, calling on the name of Adonai.

Romans 6:3- 4  Do you not know that as many of us as were immersed into Yeshua Messiah were immersed into His death? Therefore we were buried with Him by immersion into death, so that as Messiah was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father; even so we also should walk in newness of life.

Colossians 2:11- 12  in whom also you are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Messiah, buried with Him in immersion, in whom also you were raised through the faith of the working of God, raising Him from the dead.   

Immersion into a mikvah (baptism into a place of water) has been taking place for thousands of years. One of the primary teachings of Yeshua, according to Hebrews 6:2 was the doctrine or teaching about immersions or ritual washings. As the forerunner to the Messiah, Yeshua’s cousin Yochanan came proclaiming an immersion of repentance (tevilah of teshuva). Yeshua came with the message of repentance and was still having followers get immersed. The great commission given to us by Messiah involved immersion. The whole earth was immersed to cleanse itself from the filth from the days of Noah. Israel experienced a great immersion as they passed thru the Reed Sea, washing themselves free from bondage, slavery and Egypt. As we are immersed into a mikvah calling upon the name of Yeshua the Messiah, we identify ourselves with His death, burial and resurrection. We die with Messiah under the waters and come to life again as we surface and come up out of the water. We are born-again. We clothe ourselves with Messiah and our life is in Him.

Yeshua himself was immersed, as He declared it to be the way to fulfill all righteousness. Water has natural life giving and cleansing power. We immerse in obedience for ritual cleansing before the eyes of Elohim.

Examples of immersion proclamations:

I believe Yeshua is the Messiah. He died for my sins, was buried and rose again. I die to myself and will live for Him.

I believe in Yeshua the Messiah. I immerse in accordance with the Holy Scriptures as a means of ritual cleansing and purification.

I believe in Yeshua the Messiah. I immerse for purification and preparation for the Feast of Adonai.

Yeshua died for me. I believe it, I receive it and I immerse into forgiveness and life.

I dedicate my life (or I rededicate my life or I dedicate my life anew) to Yeshua. I immerse and clothe myself with Him and His righteousness.

Matthew 28:19 Therefore, go and make  people from all nations into talmidim, immersing  them into the reality of the  Father, the Son and the  Ruach HaKodesh,

Traditional Method of immersion:
The person goes completely into the water, with no clothing, jewelry, caked dirt, or anything to keep the water from wetting every part of the body. Once in the water, arms, legs, toes, and fingers are spread to ensure full contact with water. One must go in deep enough that his hair does not float on the surface. No one else may be touching the one immersing.
One traditionally immerses three times, and has a witness to verify proper total immersion.

A proclamation is to be made as to the purpose of the immersion (i.e., for the dead - contact uncleanness, for conversion - entering new life, etc.) and the statement may include "in the name of . . . ". This proclamation is made by the one immersing himself, indicating his intent. An immersion is neither validated nor invalidated by stating "in the name of . . . (Jesus; Father, Son and Holy Spirit; etc.)"


by carl e jones